In Argentina, it is legal to interrupt a pregnancy when the life or health of a woman is at risk or if the pregnancy was the result of rape. Thousands of women, including members of feminist groups from the United States and Chile, gathered on February 19 in front of the Argentine Congress to campaign for abortion to be made legal on demand. In December 2018, Argentine Chamber of Deputies approved the Micaela Law to eradicate gender-based violence with 171 votes in favor and only one against.
Unknown Facts About Argentinian Women Made Known
With one woman murdered every 30 hours in Argentina, Ni Una Menos’ onus is on femicide, but the founders are adamant about viewing gender violence as a structural issue. In this pathbreaking history, Donna J. Guy shows how feminists, social workers, and female philanthropists contributed to the emergence of the Argentine welfare state through their advocacy of child welfare and family-law reform. Women staffed child-centered organizations that received subsidies from all levels of government. Their interest in children also led them into the battle for female suffrage and the campaign to promote the legal adoption of children. When Juan Perón expanded the welfare system during his presidency (1946–1955), he reorganized private charitable organizations that had, until then, often been led by elite and immigrant women. Ni Una Menos was created by 20 artists, journalists and activists in 2015 after outrage over a brutal string of murders.
Given the shortage of Misoprostol, the doctor said, she has been forced to prioritize treatment of women whose circumstances are most dire, leaving some women without access to the drug and therefore without access to abortion. A social worker involved in her care told Human Rights Watch that when Lorena learned she was pregnant, she said she could not have a child. She told the social worker that she wanted to “solve this problem” and that if the social worker did not help her, she would argentina girl “solve it in a way you wouldn’t want”, meaning she would take her own life. The social worker referred Lorena to a health center with an interdisciplinary medical team, where she reiterated her desire to end the pregnancy. Learning of her suicidal thoughts, the medical team determined that, given the pregnancy posed a risk to her mental health, she was eligible for a legal abortion. But, because she was slightly over 16 weeks pregnant, they said they could not perform the abortion there.
It does not offer statistics on how many women are trafficked in Argentina, given the shadowy nature of the phenomenon. A law on the Prevention and Punishment of Sexual Exploitation and Victims Assistance was passed in 2008, but how well it is enforced is not measured by the gender-gap index, either. Since 2008, 3,465 women and girls have been rescuedfrom human trafficking operations. Moreover, brothels are banned in the country, but criminal rings have found loopholes around the federal laws. The bills speak to larger struggles here for civil and reproductive rights, domestic violence laws, electoral and economic representation, revamped gender roles, and historical judgments against what many say is a heavily male-dominated past.
- She participated to the creation of the Women’s Union of Argentina in 1937, and in 1972 she became head of the Women’s International Democratic Federation.
- During the 1930s, Fanny Edelman, a Communist leader who was part of the International Brigades in defense of the Second Spanish Republic, became an international figure representing Communism and Feminism.
- She was honorary president of the Communist party of Argentina until her death in 2011.
- Abortion restrictions do not deter young women and girls from seeking an abortion, but rather, they force them into clandestine and sometimes unsafe settings that affect their lives and health.
- In some jurisdictions, such as Buenos Aires City, sexual harassment may lead to the abuser’s dismissal, but in others, such as in Santa Fe Province, the maximum penalty is five days in prison.
Young women and girls who become mothers experience consequences that can affect their lives in the long-term. These risks affect in particular girls below 15 years old, who are 4 times more likely to die from their pregnancy, have the highest risk of neonatal death and 40 percent more chance of maternal anemia compared to the age group 20-24.
More recently others have stressed the impact of the construction of gender roles along with the creation of a nation-state and a capitalist labor market. Institutions such as the state, the Catholic Church, and schools advocated the withdrawal of women from the labor market. Both arguments provide important explanations of this particular development in Argentine history and raise critical questions regarding the nature of the development process the country embarked on during .
What Argentinian Girls Is – And What it is Maybe not
Another theory is the social attitude often associated with Latin American and Hispanic cultures called “Machismo” and can have positive and negative connotations. The positive connotation is associated with protecting one’s family, community and country. The negative connotations are what is commonly associated with the causes of femicide. This being the use of violence as a way to demonstrate physical strength, masculinity and superior over women. Femicide is described as the gender-based killing of women because of their gender and it is the leading cause of premature death for women globally. The Council on Hemispheric Affairs reports that in the last decade in Argentina, 2,638 women were killed or have died for the sole reason of being women. Out of this number, 75 percent of the deaths were committed by men close to the victims, either family members, romantic partners or ex-partners.
Where appropriate, Human Rights Watch provided contact information for organizations offering legal, counseling, health, or social services. Discuss and adopt any pending bills that would lead to improvements at the provincial level in access to legal abortion and the termination of pregnancy on request, as follow-up to the legal reforms recommended above to the National Congress. Implement a national campaign to disseminate information about the 0800 Sexual Health line, administered by the National Health Ministry, which facilitates access to sexual and reproductive health information and services across the country.